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Longstreet Highroad Guide to the North Georgia Mountains

By The Georgia Conservancy

Design by Lenz, Inc. Decatur, Georgia.



Sherpa Guides > Georgia Mountains > Appendices > Glossary of Plants

Glossary of Plants

Alabama snow-wreath Neviusia alabamensis

Alum root Heuchera sp.

Arbutus, trailing Epigaea repens

Ash, blue Fraxinus quadrangulata

Ash, mountain Sorbus americana

Azalea, flame Rhododendron calendulaceum

Azalea, pinxterflower Rhododendron nudiflorum

Basswood Tilia heterophylla

Beech Fagus grandifolia

Bent Trillium Trillium flexipes

Biltmore Sedge Carex biltmoreana

Birch, black Betula lenta

Birch, sweet Betula lenta

Birch, yellow Betula lutea

Black locust Robinia pseudo-acacia

Black walnut Juglans nigra

Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis

Blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides

Blue Ridge St. John's wort Hypericum buckleyi

Bluebell, Virginia Mertensia vilginica

Blueberries, highbush and low-bush Vaccinium sp.

Bluestem grass Andropogon sp.

Bluets Houstonia sp.

Buckberry Gaylussacia ursinus

Buckeye Aesculus octandra

Buttercups, mountain Ranunculus sp.

Camellia, mountain Stewartia ovata

Carolina bells Halesia carolina

Cedar, red Juniperus virginiana

Cherry, black Prunus serotina

Chestnut, American Castanea dentata

Chinquapin Castanea pumila

Chokeberry Sorbus melanocarpa

Chokecherry Prunus virginiana

Cinquefoil, three-leaved Potentilla tridentata

Columbo Swertia caroliniensis

Cotton-grass Eriophorum virginicum

Cucumber tree Magnolia acuminata

Deerberry Vaccinium stamineum

Dog-hobble Leucothoe axillaris

Dogwood Cornus florida

Dogwood, alternate-leaf Cornus alternifolia

Dropseed, prairie Sporobolus sp.

Dutchman's breeches Dicentra cucullaria

Elderberry, red Sambucus pubens

False lily of the valley Maianthemum canadense

Fern, bracken Pteridium aquilinum

Fern, Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides

Fern, cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea

Fern, hayscented Dennstaedtia punctilobula

Fern, log Dryopteris celsa

Fern, marginal wood Dlyopteris marginaIis

Fern, New York Thelypteris noveboracensis

Fern, rock cap Polypodium virginianum

Fern, walking Asplenium rhizophyllum

Fir, Fraser Abies fraseri

Fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus

Galax Galax rotundifolia

Gay-wings Polygala paucifolia

Gentian, fringed Gentiana crinita

Ginger, wild Hexastylis sp.

Ginseng Panax quinquefolius

Goldenrod Solidago sp.

Gooseberry Ribes sp.

Grass of parnassus Parnassia asarifoIia

Harbinger of spring Erigenia bulbosa

Hawthorn Crataegus sp.

Hazelnut, beaked Corylus cornuta

Hellebore Veratrum viride

Hemlock, Carolina Tsuga caroliniana

Hemlock, Eastern Tsuga canadensis

Hickory Carya sp.

Holly Ilex opaca

Hop hornbeam Ostrya virginiana

Horse sugar Symplocos tinctoria

Horsetail Equisetum sp.

Hyacinth, wild Camassia scilloides

Hydrangea, wild Hydrangea arborescens

Iris Iris cristata and Iris verna

Jack-in-the-Pulpit Arisaematriphyllum

Japanese knotweed Polygonum sp.

Japanese paper plant Edgeworthia papyrifera

Kudzu Pueraria lobata

Lady slipper, pink Cypripedium acaule

Lady slipper, yellow Cypripedium calceolus

Laurel, bog Kalmia angustifolia

Laurel, mountain Kalmia latifolia

Lily, Turk's cap Lillium superbum

Lily of the valley Convallaria montana

Locust Robinia sp.

Lovegrass, weeping Eragrostis sp.

Magnolia Magnolia sp.

Magnolia, Fraser's Magnolia fraseri

Maple Acer sp.

Maple, mountain Acer spicatum

Maple, red Acer rubrum

Maple, striped Acer pensylvanicum

Maple, sugar Acer saccharum

Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum

Minniebush Menziesia pilosa

Mock-orange, hairy Philadelphus pubescens

Monkshood Aconitum sp.

Moss, primitive club Lycopodium sp.

Moss, reindeer Cladonia sp.

Moss, sphagnum Sphagnum sp.

Mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia

Nettle, hedge Stachys nuttallii

Oak, chestnut Quercus prinus

Oak, chinquapin Quercus muehlenbergii

Oak, Northern red Quercus rubla

Oak,. scarlet Quercus coccinea

Oak, white Quercus alba

Oconee bells Shortia galacifolia

Orchid, purple fringed Habenaria psycodes

Orchis, showy Orchis spectabilis

Oxalis Oxalis acetosella

Pepperbush, mountain Clethra acuminata

Pine, Eastern white Pinus strobus

Pine, loblolly Pinus taeda

Pine, pitch Pinus rigida

Pine, short leaf Pinus echinata

Pine, table mountain Pinus pungens

Pine, Virginia Pinus virginiana

Pine, white Pinus strobus

Polygala, fringed Polygala paucifoIia

Poplar, tulip or yellow Liriodendron tulipifera

Poppy, celandine Stylophorum diphyllum

Pussy-toes Antennaria sp.

Ramp (wild mountain onion) Allium tricoccum

Raspberry, flowering Rubus odoratus

Rhododendron, Carolina Rhododendron minus

Rhododendron, catawba Rhododendron catawbiense

Rhododendron, rosebay Rhododendron maximum

Rosy twisted stalk Streptopus roseus

Sand myrtle Leiophyllum buxifolium

Saxifrage Saxifraga sp.

Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea

Silverbell Halesia carolina

Smoketree Cotinus obovatus

Solomon's plume Smilacina racemosa

Solomon's seal Polygonatum biflorum

Sourwood Oxydendron arboreum

Spike moss, rock Selaginella rupestris

Spike moss, twisted-hair Selaginella tortipila

Spikenard Aralia racemosa

Spurge, nodding Euphorbia mercurialina

Squirrel corn Dicentra canadensis

Strawberry bush Euonymus atropurpureus

Strawberry, wild Potentilla sp.

Sweetfern Comptonia peregrina

Swamp pink Helonias bullata

Toothwort Dentaria diphylla

Trillium, faded Trillium sp.

Trillium, Gleason's white Trillium sp.

Trillium, lanceleaf Trillium lancifolium

Trillium, large-flowered Trillium grandiflorum

Trillium, painted Trillium undulatum

Trillium, persistent Trillium persistens

Trillium, Vasey's Trillium vaseyi

Twinleaf Jeffersonia diphylla

Umbrella leaf Diphylleia cymosa

Viburnum Viburnum sp.

Violet, bird-foot Viola pedata

Violet, common blue Viola papilionacea

Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Watercress Nasturtium officinale

Waterleaf Hyrophyllum canadense

Wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa

Willow, dwarf Salix humilis

Witch hazel Hamamelis virginiana

Wolfsmilk Euphorhia purpurea

Yellowwood Cladrastis lutea

Yellowroot Xanthorhiza simplicissima

NOTE: sp. = species, either not known specifically or several different ones represented.

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