Longstreet Highroad Guide to the Chesapeake Bay
By Deane Winegar
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—A crustacean of the order Amphipoda, including the sand fleas and beach hoppers. There are 3,000 species of amphipods.
—Moving from seawater into fresh water to spawn, as salmon or
—Invertebrate animals belonging to the phylum Arthropoda, with jointed legs, a segmented body, and an exoskeleton. Arthropods include insects, crustaceans, and arachnids.
—Mollusks belonging to the class Bivalvia, with two-part hinged shells, including mussels and clams.
—Collectively, those plants and animals, usually invertebrates, living on or near the bottom of the bay or ocean (benthic, adj.).
—The quantity of living organisms in a particular area.
—A wetland characterized by acidic peat soil formed from decaying mosses.
—Salty, but less so than seawater.
—Any member of the phylum Bryozoa, which consists of tiny moss-like water animals that live in colonies.
—Arthropods that live in the water and breathe by gills, such as lobsters, barnacles, crabs, and shrimps.
—A small, sometimes parasitic, crustacean belonging to the class Copepoda.
—Decomposed plant and animal matter that has been worked to sediment size through the action of water and sand.
—One-celled algae with cell walls of silica. Diatoms make up the first links in the aquatic food chain.
—A biological community existing in a specific physical environment.
—A plant that grows directly in the water and stays erect to emerge from the water surface, regardless of the water level.
—A partially enclosed area where the fresh water of rivers mixes with tidal salt water.
—Able to live in waters with a wide variation in salinity.
—An external skeleton, such as the shell of a mollusk or arthropod.
—Where an animal or plant lives; its natural home.
—A rise of fertile, densely wooded land that is higher than a surrounding marsh.
—An opening through which ocean waters enter and leave an enclosed body of water, such as a sound, bay, or marsh.
—The zone along the shore between high and low tide marks.
—Pertaining to the seashore, especially the intertidal area.
—Low, wet land that is covered by water at least part of the time and supports grasses rather than trees.
—Lowest range of the tide, occurring at the first and last quarter of the moon.
—Pertaining to the open waters of the ocean, as distinguished from the benthic regions.
—Aquatic plant life that floats at the mercy of the currents or has limited swimming abilities.
—The commonly used acronym for submerged aquatic vegetation.
—Attached permanently, immobile.
—Tide of maximum range, occurring at the new and full moon.
—Able to live only in waters with little variation in salinity.
—The foundation that lies beneath and supports an organism.
—Spongy or boggy ground that is covered with water at least part of the time and supports the growth of shrubs and trees.
—Pertaining to the orientation some living things have toward objects, such as the orientation many fish have toward rocks, reefs, sunken ships, and other structure.
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Published (print): 2000, Published (Web): April 2001, Revised (Web): November 2002, ISBN: 1-56352-544-5
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